International Rocky-Ryu Karate-Do Australia

Karate Terminology

Procedure of beginning and ending;

Seiza – Kneel down

Mokuso – Close your eyes and Clear your mind

Naotte – Open your eyes

Rei – Bow to the front (pronounced “lei”)

Karate always beginning with a bow and we do bow again when we finish.

Also say Onegai shimasu (Please teach me) at the beginning and Arigatou gozai mashita (Thank you very much) at the ending.

Counting;

1 – Ichi, 2 – Ni, 3 – San, 4 – Shi, 5 – Go, 6 – Rok, 7 – Shichi, 8 – Hachi, 9 – kyu, 10 – Jyu

Karate Words;

Soke – Originator, headmaster

Shihan – Master

Sensei – Teacher

Sempai – Senior student

Kohai – Junior student

Dojo – Place of training

Do Gi or Gi – Karate uniform

Hai – Yes

Iie – No

Dan – Level or degree

Kyu – Grade below black belt

Kihon – Basic

Kata – Form

Bunkai – Applications of Kata

Yakusoku Kumite – pre-arranged sparring

Kumite – Sparring

Ki ai – To Shout

Kiotsuke – Attention

Rei – Bow

Shomen ni Rei – Bow to the front

Otagai ni Rei – Bow to each other. Both the teacher and the students will bow to each other at the same time.

Youi – Ready position

Kamaete – Assume a ready position

Hajime – Start/being

Hantai – Opposite

Mae-ni – To forward

Ushiro-ni – To backwards

Yame – Stop

Naotte -Get back to starting position/command to rest

Mawatte – Turn

Hidari – Left

Migi – Right

Jo-dan – Head level/upper

Chu-dan – Middle body level

Ge-dan – Lower body level (below belt)

Basic Stance;

Heisoku-Dachi – Feet Together   

Musubi-Dachi – Open toed stance           

Heiko-Dachi – Forward parallel, Shoulder width   

Sotoha – Toes outward   

Uchiha – Toes inward     

Shiko-Dachi – Sumo stance        

Zenkutsu – Forward stance         

Nekoashi – Cat stance    

Kiba-Dachi – Horse stance         

Basic hand punches/strikes;

Tsuki (zuki) – Punch or thrust

Shomen zuki – Straight punch, Shoulder or Chest Level

Oi zuki – Front punch

Kizami zuki – Front hand punch or jab

Gyaku zuki – Reverse punch

Uchi – Strike

Uraken uchi – Back fist strike

Shuto uchi – Knife-Hand strike

Teisho uchi – Palm heel strike

Tetsui uchi – Hammer fist strike

Furi Uchi – Back fist swing strike

Empi or Hiji Uchi – Elbow strike

Basic blocks;

Uke – Blocks

Shomen uke – Forearm block

Age uke – Upper block

Uchi uke – Inside forearm block

Joge uke – Upper-Lower block

Shuto uke – Knife-Hand block

Wa uke – Two arm circle block

Sukui uke – Scooping block

Gedan barai – Down block

Basic kicks;

Keri (geri) – Kick

Mae geri  – Front kick

Mawashi geri – Roundhouse kick

Yoko geri – Side snap kick

Ushiro geri – Back kick

Fumi geri – Toe stomping kick

Kansetsu Geri – knee joint kick

Kin geri – Groin kick

Ashibarai – Foot sweep

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